Orthodontics, also known as dentofacial orthopedics, is a branch of general dentistry concerned with the study of abnormal jawbone and tooth growth, development and alignment in order to prevent, treat or limit such abnormalities by preserving or restoring patients’ facial profile and correct mastication.
In these cases two types of (often related) treatment are possible:
- Surgery, which consists in extracting those teeth which prevent correct dental alignment, joint movement or proper facial growth;
- Functional-mechanical therapy, carried out by means of braces and other functional appliances.
Dental braces are medical appliances that orthodontists use to straighten teeth and improve mastication, oral hygiene and smile cosmetics. Traditional braces can be either fixed or removable Fixed braces usually consist of small brackets (metal plaques) bonded onto the teeth surface; the brackets are connected to an arched wire which allows teeth to move back into their correct position. Removable appliances consist of an arched wire only and patients can remove them to eat or to practice sports.
Generally abnormal jawbone growth is hereditary and is likely to cause severe dysfunctions during adulthood. Dentesthetic Medical Practice mainly focuses on cosmetic orthodontia, in particular straightening frontal teeth (incisors and canines) through the use of INVISALIGN, an invisible aligner which offers an innovative and comfortable alternative to traditional brackets. Patients’ compliance to the doctor’s recommendations and good oral hygiene are paramount for a successful orthodontic treatment. Braces or aligners in fact are a breeding ground for germs and bacteria, which may cause caries and parodontitis resulting in treatment failure.
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